Second Thoughts is both a scientific examination of Einstein’s Relativity and an exploration of a possible mechanism for the passage of time. Much has been written about the theory of relativity in the past hundred years – most of it not by Albert Einstein. Second Thoughts examines explanations of what Einstein’s relativity is, according to various scientists, and compares these explanations to Einstein’s own words as originally published in various journals from 1905 to 1918, and in books authored by Einstein up until the mid 1950’s.  The article effectively points out that:

1) Surprisingly, there is no consensus within the scientific community on what relativity is.

2) The various explanations for what scientists believe relativity to be (including Einstein’s) all contradict at least one postulate of special relativity and/or the principle of equivalence contained within general relativity.

The article comprehensively examines the effects that constant velocity and acceleration each have on the rate at which time elapses. The famous “Twin Paradox” example is used to accomplish that examination. A step by step analysis of the various stages of the twin paradox demonstrates that Einstein’s relativity does not provide an adequate explanation for the relative nature of time.

The article does not challenge or dispute certain physical observations associated with relativity, such as the relative nature of time itself. It does however, use the twin paradox analysis to exploit the limitations and contradictions contained in Einstein’s relativity and other scientists’ representations of it.

Although historically, relativity has been a theory perceived to be embraced by the mainstream scientific community and criticized by fringe scientists and conspiracy theorists, the article presents facts directly from sources that point to an overall conclusion that is difficult to refute.

Despite the fact that most of the article is devoted to addressing the limitations and contradictions of Einstein’s relativity, the more exciting topic is actually the discussion of an actual mechanism for time. The article suggests that since the rate at which time passes for any object is governed by local circumstances, scientists should look at the possibility that:

1) The “passage” of time on a macro level is actually a consequence of repeating fundamental behaviors on the subatomic level.

2) These fundamental behaviors exist in part because of a relationship between particles and their surrounding fields.        

3) Velocity, acceleration and gravity may disturb the relationship that exists between the particles and their fields and thus affect the rate at which these “time determining” fundamental behaviors proceed.
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